Date of Thesis



This purpose of this project was to investigate the collision-induced dissociation of dipeptides in negative ion electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry, with a focus on the mechanism of the production of imidazole-type fragments not previously reported from the fragmentation of the dipeptides being studied. The majority of the dipeptides studied were alanine N-terminal or serine C-terminal dipeptides. All dipeptides were dissolved in 50:50 methanol:water, 3 mM ammonium formate. Collision-induced dissociation in the collision cell of a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer was used to fragment [M-H]- precursor ions. Accurate mass measurements confirmed the molecular formula of the imidazole-type fragments. Further MS/MS studies were performed to provide information about the fragmentation mechanism for the formation of the imidazole-type fragments. The m/z values of intermediate ions in the formation of the imidazole-type fragments were confirmed through second-generation product ion scans and precursor ion scans. More sophisticated instrumentation will be required to further probe the structure of the intermediate ions.


Mass spectrometry, Collision-induced dissociation, Peptide sequencing

Access Type

Masters Thesis (Bucknell Access Only)

Degree Type

Master of Science



First Advisor

James Swan