Date of Thesis

Spring 2018

Thesis Type

Masters Thesis (Bucknell Access Only)

Degree Type

Master of Science in Education

First Advisor

Dr. Ramona Fruja

Second Advisor

Dr. Douglas Dexter

Keywords

sexual violence, interpersonal violence, sexual assault, athlete perpetration, athlete-specific prevention education, prevention education

Abstract

Research in sexual violence prevention education has stagnated since the early 2000s despite the fact that the decades since have evidenced many high-profile cases of sexual harassment, assault, and domestic violence. The second half of that period has also yielded federal changes in Title IX, as well as national rule alterations by the NCAA, and widespread societal attention toward sexual violence evident in the Me Too and Time’s Up movements. Student-athletes perpetrate sexual violence at higher rates than their non-athlete counterparts and further research to explore why this is the case is necessary in order to proffer more effective athlete-specific prevention education. This analysis unites two frameworks: Neil Malamuth’s comprehensive theory on predictors of sexual aggression in psychology and Todd Crosset’s facets of rape-prone subcultures, and integrates them through Merrill Melnick’s analysis of the male sport experience in the United States. These connections offer a potential foundation as to why college athletes, in conjunction with their sport environment, are responsible for a disproportionate amount of sexual violence. The implications of this analysis on practices in the field is relevant to the research, improvement and development of athlete-specific prevention education programs.

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