Date of Thesis

Spring 2022


This study explores whether the best practices of refugee integration policies, as supported by scholars, are present in the European Union (EU) and some of its Member States between 2014 and 2021, accounting for the responses of these governments to the 2015 refugee crisis in Europe. In addition, it seeks to reveal the likelihood of future collective governance of refugee integration at the EU level. It claims that there are four central benchmarks to examine the strength of a country’s refugee integration plans as well as two integration theories to consider the possibility of deeper EU decision-making on a policy area.

As an illustration of how this significant policy area manifests itself in the EU, this study offers three case studies of Swedish, Italian, and Hungarian refugee integration policies and domestic politics in addition to refugee integration strategies supported by the EU as well as the politics surrounding this policy area at the supranational level. This study utilizes a variety of primary and secondary sources, including legislation, policy summaries, government agency websites, voting data, opinion polls, various interest group and political party websites, and nonprofit reports, to arrive at its conclusions. Ultimately, this study suggests that there are wide divergences in the refugee integration policies supported by these European governments. Furthermore, it concludes that future EU integration and Europeanization of refugee integration strategies is unlikely to occur in the short-term if policies remain consistent. In the end, the study provides suggestions for opportunities for future research in refugee integration policy in the EU that build upon the conclusions of this study.


European Union, Italy, Sweden, Hungary, Refugees, Integration

Access Type

Honors Thesis

Degree Type

Bachelor of Arts


International Relations

Second Major

Languages, Cultures & Linguistics

Minor, Emphasis, or Concentration


First Advisor

Emek Uçarer

Second Advisor

Lisa Perrone

Third Advisor

Alia Stanciu

Available for download on Saturday, May 03, 2025