Date of Thesis

Spring 2019


In the form of an extended literature review, this thesis looks at how middle-school aged, second language immigrant students are welcomed into public schools in both France and the United States through second language programs. The study details the history of language and educational policy surrounding the inclusion of immigrant, second-language students in both countries, and looks at how those have shaped the program frameworks that are actually in place to help these students today.


Social reproduction, Pierre Bourdieu, Basil Bernstein, Second language programs, United States, France

Access Type

Honors Thesis

Degree Type

Bachelor of Arts



Second Major

Languages, Cultures & Linguistics

Minor, Emphasis, or Concentration

Children's Studies

First Advisor

Sue Ellen Henry

Second Advisor

John Westbrook