Date of Thesis
Honeybees are an essential component of todayÂ¿s agricultural system because of their role as pollinators. However, viruses, including a member of the Picornavirales order known commonly as Deformed Wing Virus (DWV), are compromising the health of honeybee colonies. Many picornaviruses, such as poliovirus, have been studied in depth because of their relation to human disease, but also because of their use of an Internal Ribosome Entry Site (IRES) to initiate translation. The primary goal of this thesis was to determine if the 5Â¿ Non-Translated Region (NTR) of Deformed Wing Virus (DWV) functions as an IRES. A secondary goal was to determine if there are specific parts of that 5Â¿ NTR that are important to IRES function. Six plasmids were constructed by inserting three different sections of the 5Â¿ NTR of DWV, in both sense and antisense directions, between two reporter genes. These plasmids, along with several control plasmids, were transfected into Sf9 cells, and post-transfection luciferase assays were conducted. Results were inconclusive. This could have been due to an inability of the plasmids to be expressed in Sf9 cells, an error in the construction of the plasmids, or a mechanical error in the assay procedure. At this time it appears most likely that the 5Â¿ NTR of DWV may be cell-type or species specific, and the next step would be to transfect the plasmids into a recently developed cultured honeybee cell line.
honeybee, IRES, deformed wing virus
Honors Thesis (Bucknell Access Only)
Bachelor of Science
Young, Hannah Sue, "How Much Is Enough? an Analysis of the 5' Nontranslated Region of the Deformed Wing Virus in Honeybees" (2014). Honors Theses. 238.