Date of Thesis



Angiotensin II (Ang II), a key protein in the renin-angiotensin system, can induce cardiac hypertrophy through an intracrine system as well as affect gene transcription. The receptor to Ang II responsible for this effect, AT1, has been localized to the nucleus of cell types in addition to cardiomyocytes. In this study, we induced expression of Ang II in MC3T3 osteoblasts and K7M2 osteosarcomas and measured changes in protein expression of Annexin V and matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2), proteins identified previously through mass spectrometry analysis as being regulated by Ang II. Annexin V is downregulated in both immortalized murine bone (MC3T3) cells and in cancerous immortalized murine (K7M2) cells induced to express Ang II. MC3T3 cells which express Ang II show a downregulation of MMP2 expression, but Ang II-expressing K7M2 cells show an upregulation of MMP2. The differential regulation of MMP2 between the cancerous cells and noncancerous cells implicates a role for Ang in in tumor metastasis, as MMP2 is a metastatic protein. Annexin V is used as a marker for apoptosis, but nothing is known of the function of the endogenous protein. That Annexin V is potentially regulated by Ang II provides more information with which to characterize the protein and could suggest a function for Annexin V as part of a signal transduction pathway inside of the cell.


Angiotensin II, annexin V, matrix metalloproteinase II, Western blotting, immunofluorescence

Access Type

Honors Thesis (Bucknell Access Only)

Degree Type

Bachelor of Science



First Advisor

Mitchell Chernin