Insights into the Design of SOFC Infiltrated Electrodes with Optimized Active TPB Density via Mechanistic Modeling
Journal of The Electrochemical Society
A mechanistic model for the prediction of total and active three phase boundary density (TPB), in combination with effective conductivity, of infiltrated solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) electrodes is presented. Varied porosities, scaffold:infiltrate size ratios, and pore:infiltrate size ratios were considered, each as a function of infiltrate loading. The results are presented in dimensionless form to allow for the calculation of any infiltrate particle size. The model output compares favorably to the available experimental result. The results show that the scaffold:infiltrate size ratio has the greatest impact on the TPB density, followed by the porosity and then the pore:infiltrate size ratio. The TPB density is shown to monotonically decrease with increasing scaffold:infiltrate and pore:infiltrate size ratios; however, it shows a maximum with respect to porosity. Each of these results are explained by examining the interfacial areas of each of the three phases as a function of the infiltrate loading. The model provides insight toward the rational design of infiltrated electrodes.
Reszka, Andrew J.L.; Snyder, Ryan; and Gross, Michael D.. "Insights into the Design of SOFC Infiltrated Electrodes with Optimized Active TPB Density via Mechanistic Modeling." Journal of The Electrochemical Society (2014) : F1176-F1183.