P-Technique Factor Analyses of the Multiple Affect Adjective Checklist (MAACL)
The Multiple Affect Adjective Check List (MAACL) has been found to have five first-order factors representing Anxiety, Depression, Hostility, Positive Affect, and Sensation Seeking and two second-order factors representing Positive Affect and Sensation Seeking (PASS) and Dysphoria. The present study examines whether these first- and second-order conceptions of affect (based on R-technique factor analysis) can also account for patterns of intraindividual variability in affect (based on P-technique factor analysis) in eight elderly women. Although the hypothesized five-factor model of affect was not testable in all of the present P-technique datasets, the results were consistent with this interindividual model of affect. Moreover, evidence of second-order (PASS and Dysphoria) and third-order (generalized distress) factors was found in one data set. Sufficient convergence in findings between the present P-technique research and prior R-technique research suggests that the MAACL is robust in describing both inter- and intraindividual components of affect in elderly women.
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Garfein, Adam J. and Smyer, Michael A.. "P-Technique Factor Analyses of the Multiple Affect Adjective Checklist (MAACL)." Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment (1991) : 155-171.