Use of a State-Level Pharmaceutical Assistance Program Among Urban and Rural Elders
A number of state-level pharmaceutical assistance programs have been established as a result of the growing recognition of the role of pharmaceuticals in the long-term care of the elderly. However, existing research does not provide a coherent expectation for patterns of use by rural and urban elderly. The data for this analysis are drawn from a larger study of the Pennsylvania Pharmaceutical Assistance Contract for the Elderly (PACE). PACE provides prescription medicines for elderly who meet income requirements. The research project was designed to assess the characteristics of PACE program participants and non-participants on a wide range of issues. Chi-square analysis and regression models were used to assess the association between rural and urban residence and access to the PACE Program. The results indicate that rural/urban status of the elderly is not a significant predictor of the use of PACE. Other traditional variables (e.g., health self-rating and physician visits) did predict difference in the pattern of use.
The Journal of Rural Health
Goodfellow, Marianne; Tubman, Jon G.; Landry, Julie A.; Ahern, Frank; Lago, Dan; and Smyer, Michael A.. "Use of a State-Level Pharmaceutical Assistance Program Among Urban and Rural Elders." The Journal of Rural Health (1988) : 35-43.