Life Transitions and Aging: Implications for Counseling Older Adults
Presents a conceptual framework for counseling older adults and their families, asserting that the pace of development varies across individuals and that within the same individual, different biological and psychological functions age at different rates. The normative changes of aging can be viewed as life-event/life-transition processes and categorized into 4 interrelated major areas: biological, psychological, environmental, and social/cultural. The counselor's tasks include assisting the older client in differentiating the normal aging process from abnormal processes, assessing the role of self-labeling and stereotyping, and focusing on preventive work with older adults and their families.
Smyer, Michael A.. "Life Transitions and Aging: Implications for Counseling Older Adults." Counseling Psychologist (1984) : 17-28.