Learning to Live in a Therapeutic Community: A study of elderly inpatients.
International Journal of Aging and Human Development
Fifty-two elderly mental patients in a state hospital were transferred to a new milieu ward. In order to evaluate patient success in the unit, three outcome categories were defined nine months after the unit opened: discharge to the community, adjustment to the setting, and return to the previous ward. Despite the unit's emphasis on performance criteria for success, staff evaluations of the patients' personality rather than the patients' achievement of the behavioural criteria, accounted for success in the setting.
Smyer, Michael A.; Siegler, Ilene C.; and Gatz, Margaret J.. "Learning to Live in a Therapeutic Community: A study of elderly inpatients.." International Journal of Aging and Human Development 7, no. 2 (1976) : 189-193.