Thin-Film Sparse Boundary Array Design for Passive Acoustic Mapping During Ultrasound Therapy
Ieee Transactions On Ultrasonics Ferroelectrics And Frequency Control
A new 2-D hydrophone array for ultrasound therapy monitoring is presented, along with a novel algorithm for passive acoustic mapping using a sparse weighted aperture. The array is constructed using existing polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) ultrasound sensor technology, and is utilized for its broadband characteristics and its high receive sensitivity. For most 2-D arrays, high-resolution imagery is desired, which requires a large aperture at the cost of a large number of elements. The proposed array's geometry is sparse, with elements only on the boundary of the rectangular aperture. The missing information from the interior is filled in using linear imaging techniques. After receiving acoustic emissions during ultrasound therapy, this algorithm applies an apodization to the sparse aperture to limit side lobes and then reconstructs acoustic activity with high spatiotemporal resolution. Experiments show verification of the theoretical point spread function, and cavitation maps in agar phantoms correspond closely to predicted areas, showing the validity of the array and methodology.
Coviello, Christian M.; Kozick, Richard J.; Hurrell, Andrew; Smith, Penny Probert; and Coussios, Constantin C.. "Thin-Film Sparse Boundary Array Design for Passive Acoustic Mapping During Ultrasound Therapy." Ieee Transactions On Ultrasonics Ferroelectrics And Frequency Control 59, no. 10 (2012) : 2322-2330.