Processing-structure-property relationships in solid-state shear pulverization: Parametric study of specific energy
Solid-state shear pulverization (SSSP) is a unique processing technique for mechanochemical modification of polymers, compatibilization of polymer blends, and exfoliation and dispersion of fillers in polymer nanocomposites. A systematic parametric study of the SSSP technique is conducted to elucidate the detailed mechanism of the process and establish the basis for a range of current and future operation scenarios. Using neat, single component polypropylene (PP) as the model material, we varied machine type, screw design, and feed rate to achieve a range of shear and compression applied to the material, which can be quantified through specific energy input (Ep). As a universal processing variable, Ep reflects the level of chain scission occurring in the material, which correlates well to the extent of the physical property changes of the processed PP. Additionally, we compared the operating cost estimates of SSSP and conventional twin screw extrusion to determine the practical viability of SSSP.
Polymer Engineering and Science
Brunner, Philip J.; Clark, Joshua T.; Torkelson, John M.; and Wakabayashi, Katsuyuki. "Processing-structure-property relationships in solid-state shear pulverization: Parametric study of specific energy." Polymer Engineering and Science (2012) : 1555-1564.