The role of self-esteem in affective reactions to achievement-related situations
Educational and Psychological Research
Investigated whether affective reactions in achievement settings were related to self-esteem in 308 undergraduates. Ss completed a self-esteem questionnaire and an affect questionnaire in which achievement outcomes and causal sources were manipulated within a short-story format. Affective reactions to various academic situations portrayed in the stories then were assessed and related to Ss' self-esteem. Resulting biserial correlations between the dichotomized affective reactions and self-esteem indicate that affective reactions to success and failure were related to Ss' level of self-esteem. An extrapolation from the present results and related research is that causal internalization with resulting self-referent affects may be facilitated by providing academic feedback consistent with self-esteem.
Burke, J.P.; Midkiff, Jr., Robert McKinley; and Williams, R.V.. "The role of self-esteem in affective reactions to achievement-related situations." Educational and Psychological Research 5, no. 3 (1985) : 191-203.