Crystallization of Escherichia coli Catabolite Gene Activator Protein with its DNA Binding Site: The use of Modular DNA
Journal of Molecular Biology
To obtain crystals of the Escherichia coli catabolite gene activator protein (CAP) complexed with its DNA-binding site, we have searched for crystallization conditions with 26 different DNA segments ≥28 base-pairs in length that explore a variety of nucleotide sequences, lengths, and extended 5′ or 3′ termini. In addition to utilizing uninterrupted asymmetric lac site sequences, we devised a novel approach of synthesizing half-sites that allowed us to efficiently generate symmetric DNA segments with a wide variety of extended termini and lengths in the large size range (≥28 bp) required by this protein. We report three crystal forms that are suitable for X-ray analysis, one of which (crystal form III) gives measurable diffraction amplitudes to 3 Å resolution. Additives such as calcium, n-octyl-β-d-glucopyranoside and spermine produce modest improvements in the quality of diffraction from crystal form III. Adequate stabilization of crystal form III is unexpectedly complex, requiring a greater than tenfold reduction in the salt concentration followed by addition of 2-methyl-2,4-pentanediol and then an increase in the concentration of polyethylene glycol.
Schultz, Steve C.; Shields, George C.; and Steitz, Thomas A.. "Crystallization of Escherichia coli Catabolite Gene Activator Protein with its DNA Binding Site: The use of Modular DNA." Journal of Molecular Biology 213, no. 1 (1990) : 159-166.