Thermochemical cycle of a mixed metal oxide for augmentation of thermal energy storage in solid particles
Solid particle heat transfer and storage media have been shown to be able to operate at temperatures >1000°C in concentrated solar power (CSP) applications, much higher than the operational limit of 600°C for current state-of-the-art molten nitrate salt heat transfer fluid. Solid particles can be endothermically reduced by direct exposure to concentrated solar energy, thus absorbing and storing thermal energy beyond that possible with sensible heating alone. The particles can then be oxidized exothermically at a later time, releasing the stored chemical heat and effectively augmenting the thermal energy storage capacity of the solid particles. A mixed metal oxide spinel material that reduces in the temperature range of interest (1000-1200°C) has been examined for applicability to this thermochemical energy storage concept. A description of this application, prospective materials, and details of the thermochemical cycle are presented. The heats of reduction and oxidation for the thermochemical cycle have been determined for various operating conditions to evaluate the amount of thermal energy that may be stored. Various possible implementations of this augmented storage concept are considered, and alternate means of controlling the thermochemical cycle are explored.
Ehrhart, B.; Coker, Eric Nicholas; Siegel, Nathan P.; and Weimer, A.. "Thermochemical cycle of a mixed metal oxide for augmentation of thermal energy storage in solid particles." Energy Procedia (2014) : 762-771.