Doubly-charged ethane ions: Solution to the dilemma of stability predicted by theory and instability observed in experiment
Potential energy curves have been computed for [C2H6]2+ ions and the results used to interpret the conspicuous absence of these ions in 2E mass spectra and in charge-stripping experiments. The energies and structures of geometry-optimized ground-state singlet and excited-state triplet [C2H6]2+ ions have been determined along with energies for different decomposition barriers and dissociation asymptotes. Although singlet and triplet [C2H6]2+ ions can exist as stable entities, they possess low energy barriers to decomposition. Vertical Franck-Condon transitions, involving electron impact ionization of ethane as well as charge-stripping collisions of [C2H6]+ ions, produce [C2H6]2+ ions which promptly dissociate since they are formed with energies in excess of various decomposition barriers. Appearance energies computed for doubly-charged ethane fragment ions are in accordance with experimental values.
Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Shields, George C. and Moran, T.F.. "Doubly-charged ethane ions: Solution to the dilemma of stability predicted by theory and instability observed in experiment." Journal of Mass Spectrometry (1986) : 479-483.