Quantum-Mechanical Investigation of Large Water Clusters
The PM3 quantum-mechanical method has been used to study large water clusters ranging from 8 to 42 water molecules. These large clusters are built from smaller building blocks. The building blocks include cyclic tetramers, pentamers, octamers, and a pentagonal dodecahedron cage. The correlations between the strain energy resulting from bending of the hydrogen bonds formed by different cluster motifs and the number of waters involved in the cluster are discussed. The PM3 results are compared with TIP4P potential and ab initio results. The number of net hydrogen bonds per water increases with the cluster size. This places a limit on the size of clusters that would fit the Benson model of liquid water. Many of the 20-mer clusters fit the Benson model well. Calculations of the ion cluster (H20)4o(H30+)2 reveal that the m/e ratio obtainable by mass spectrometry experiments can uniquely indicate the conformation of the 20 water pentagonal dodecahedron cage present in the larger clusters.
International Journal of Quantum Chemistry
Shields, George C. and Kirschner, Karl N.. "Quantum-Mechanical Investigation of Large Water Clusters." International Journal of Quantum Chemistry (1994) : 349-360.