Prospects for energy recovery during hydrothermal and biological processing of waste biomass
Thermochemical Thermochemical and biological processes represent promising technologies for converting wet biomasses, such as animal manure, organic waste, or algae, to energy. To convert biomass to energy and bio-chemicals in an economical manner, internal energy recovery should be maximized to reduce the use of external heat and power. In this study, two conversion pathways that couple hydrothermal liquefaction with anaerobic digestion or catalytic hydrothermal gasification were compared. Each of these platforms is followed by two alternative processes for gas utilization: 1) combined heat and power; and 2) combustion in a boiler. Pinch analysis was applied to integrate thermal streams among unit processes and improve the overall system efficiency. A techno-economic analysis was conducted to compare the feasibility of the four modeled scenarios under different market conditions. Our results show that a systems approach designed to recover internal heat and power can reduce external energy demands and increase the overall process sustainability. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Civil and Environmental Engineering
Gerber Van Doren, Leda; Posmanik, Roy; Bicalho, Felipe A.; Tester, Jefferson W.; and Sills, Deborah L.. "Prospects for energy recovery during hydrothermal and biological processing of waste biomass." Bioresource Technology (2017) .