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The primary purpose of this study was to validate the client-focused considering work model and to gain a better understanding of the nature of the relationship among the four domains purported to influence the considering work process (medical, psychosocial, financial/legal and vocational). A second goal of the study was to quantify the relationship between these four domains and the phases of considering work (contemplation, preparation, action, resolution). Structural equation modeling was used to analyze data of 1702 diverse (43% Black, 31% White, 19% Latino 7% other) unemployed respondents who were recruited from AIDS Service Organizations (ASO) and networks across the United States to complete the National Working Positive Vocational Development and Employment Needs Survey (NWPC-VDENS). Overall the results of this study supported the validity of the client-focused considering work model and helped to provide a deeper level of understanding of the relationship among the domains of influence and their contribution to the level of commitment to the considering work process.

Implications for rehabilitation

  • This model enables rehabilitation professionals to consider interventions for clients at different phases (contemplation, preparation, action) of considering work.
  • Rehabilitation professionals are encouraged to provide prevocational services to engage people with HIV in the considering work process.
  • When assisting PLWH within the considering work process, it is important to assess not only medical status but also psychosocial, financial and vocational concerns.


Disability and Rehabilitation