Nietzsche and the Falāsifa

Document Type

Contribution to Book

Source Publication

European/Supra-European : Cultural Encounters in Nietzsche's Philosophy

Publication Date



Marco Brusotti, Michael McNeal, Corinna Schubert, Herman Siemens.


De Gruyter


Berlin, Germany



First Page


Last Page




Publisher Statement

Nietzsche says "good Europeans" must not only cultivate a "supra-national" view, but also "supra-European" perspective to transcend their European biases and see beyond the horizon of Western culture.

The volume takes up such conceptual frontier crossings and syntheses. Emphasizing Nietzsche's genealogy of European culture and his reflections upon the constitution of Europe in the broadest sense, its essays examine peoples and nations, values and arts, knowledge and religion. Nietzsche's apprehensions about the crises of nihilism and decadence and their implications for Europe's (and humankind’s) future are investigated in this context.

Concerning the crossing of notional frontiers, contributors examine Nietzsche’s hoped-for dismantling of Europe’s state borders, the overcoming of national prejudices and rivalries, and the propagation of a revitalizing "supra-European" perspective on the continent, its culture(s) and future. They also illuminate lines of syntheses, notably the syncretism of the ancient Greeks and its possible example for the European culture to-be.

Finally certain of Europe's current problems are considered via the critical apparatus furnished by Nietzsche's philosophy and the diagnostic tools it provides.


Despite the fact that very few works on Nietzsche and the Islamic tradition have appeared until recently, Peter Groff contends that comparative work on Nietzsche and philosophical traditions beyond the bounds of Europe raises possibilities for productive cross-cultural dialogues.Toward this, he engages Nietzsche with specific Islamic philosophers of the classical period rather than Islam itself. Groff examines Nietzsche’s understanding of Islam and its relevance to his critique of Christianity and European modernity.While Nietzsche had lit-tle, if any, familiarity with the falāsifa,Groff notes their intellectual relatedness,particularly the notions of perfectionism and philosophy as away of life.