Title

Enzymatic Activity of Soybean Lipoxygenase-1 on Linoleoyl-Derivatized Agarose

Date of Thesis

Spring 5-14-2012

Thesis Type

Masters Thesis (Bucknell Access Only)

Department

Chemistry

First Advisor

Charles H. Clapp

Abstract

Soybean lipoxygenase-1 (SBLO-1) catalyzes the oxygenation of linoleic acid to form 13(S) and 9(R) hydroperoxides. The manner in which substrates bind to the lipoxygenase family of enzymes is not known. It is believed fatty acid substrates may bind either with the aliphatic end first or with the carboxylate group facing the interior of the protein. This thesis tested a potential methyl-end first substrate binding mechanism by studying the activity of SBLO-1 to oxygenate immobilized linoleoyl residues attached to an insoluble polymer.

Linoleic acid was attached to aminohexyl agarose in the presence of N-(3- dimethylaminopropyl)-N’-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC) and Nhydroxysuccinimide (NHS). The concentration of the covalently attached residues was facilitated by enriching linoleic acid with a small amount of the radioactive 14C-isotope. Functionalization yields of 3% available primary amines on the resin were obtained. Enzymatic oxygenation of the linoleoyl-residues was verified using the ferrous oxidation in xylenol orange (FOX) assay. Approximately 30% of the attached linoleoyl moieties were converted to hydroperoxides in the presence of SBLO-1.

A disulfide-containing cleavable linker, cystamine, was used as part of an improved method to isolate the product in a facile manner. Cystamine was attached to NHS-activated agarose with approximately 5% overall functionalization yield of available functional groups. 14C-linoleic acid was successfully covalently linked to the cystamine moieties in the presence of EDC and NHS. The FOX assay verified the enzymatic oxygenation of the linoleoyl residues attached to cystamine-derivatized agarose.

The isolation of the peroxide product was attempted in a series of extractions in organic solvents. The product was analyzed using GC/MS which did not show a new peak indicative of product. Further work is needed to successfully analyze the stereoand regiochemistry of the oxygenated product.

The presence of the peroxides in this study indicated the linoleoyl residues behave as substrates of SBLO-1. It is unknown how bulky substrates bind to the active site; however, it is difficult to rationalize a carboxylate group-first binding mode. Discovery of the 13(S)-hydroperoxide product on the linoleoyl-agarose would support the claim of a potential methyl-end first binding mechanism.

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