Title

Gold Phosphonates as Transfer Agents in Palladium Catalyzed Hirao Reactions

Date of Thesis

Summer 7-25-2012

Thesis Type

Masters Thesis (Bucknell Access Only)

Department

Chemistry

First Advisor

Robert A. Stockland

Abstract

Through a cross-coupling reaction, aryl phosphonates are produced in high yields when the corresponding aryl bromides are reacted with a gold phosphorylating agent in the presence of a palladium catalyst and an appropriate ligand. To the best of our knowledge, this transformation is the first example involving the transfer of a phosphonate functional group from a gold complex to palladium that has been reported. Throughout the investigation, three gold phosphorylating agents were screened for activity towards the phosphorylation of aryl bromides. Aryl bromides with electrondonating and electron-withdrawing groups were successfully employed in the crosscoupling reactions. All cross-coupling reactions were carried out in THF at room temperature (25ºC) or in a microwave reactor (CEM Discover) at 60ºC for 30 or 60 minutes. The effects of changing reaction parameters such as time, temperature, catalyst and free ligand loading have been investigated. All aryl bromide substrates tested in the cross-coupling reactions produced phosphorylated products.

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