Date of Thesis

5-8-2013

Thesis Type

Honors Thesis (Bucknell Access Only)

Degree Type

Bachelor of Science

Department

Biology

First Advisor

Ken Field

Abstract

Specialized microenvironments have been known to strongly influence stem cell fate in hematopoiesis. The interplay between osteolineage cells, specifically the mature osteoblast, and the hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) niche have been of particular note. Recently, preliminary unpublished data obtained in the Scadden laboratory suggests the critical role of the osteoblast in regulating T cells. The goal of this project was to initially determine whether stimulating the osteoblast in the HSC niche leads to increased immune reconstitution after hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). These results indicated that while bone manipulation pre-transplant may have a positive effect on T and B lymphocyte cell recovery, bone manipulation post-transplant seems to have a suppressing effect. Additionally, stimulation of the osteoblast may have an inhibitory effect on the regeneration of GR1+ myeloid cells. Based on these results, we then sought to determine how osteoprotection pre-HSCT modifies the kinetics of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and impacts the regeneration of immune cells. The data from this phase of my experiment suggests a possible immediate benefit in stimulation of the osteoblast in response to GVHD prior to HSCT. The overall results from my thesis project demonstrate a promising relationship between pre-HSCT stimulation of the osteoblast and lymphocyte recovery post-HSCT. ¿

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