Title

One Pot, Two Step Sequence Converting Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization Directly to Radical Trap-Assisted Atom Transfer Radical Coupling

Publication Date

10-2013

Journal

Polymer

Volume

54

Issue

21

First Page

5560

Last Page

5567

Abstract

Monobrominated polystyrene (PStBr) chains were prepared using standard atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) procedures at 80 degrees C in THF, with monomer conversions allowed to proceed to approximately 40%. At this time, additional copper catalyst, reducing agent, and ligand were added to the unpurified reaction mixture, and the reaction was allowed to proceed at 50 degrees C in an atom transfer radical coupling (ATRC) phase. During this phase, polymerization continued to occur as well as coupling; expected due to the substantial amount of residual monomer remaining. This was confirmed using gel permeation chromatography (GPC), which showed increases in molecular weight not matching a simple doubling of the PStBr formed during ATRP, and an increase in monomer conversion after the second phase. When the radical trap 2-methyl-2-nitrosopropane (MNP) was added to the ATRC phase, no further monomer conversion occurred and the resulting product showed a doubling of peak molecular weight (M-p), consistent with a radical trap-assisted ATRC (RTA-ATRC) reaction. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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