Title

Prediction accuracy of young and middle-aged adults in memory for familiar and unfamiliar texts

Publication Date

1999

Journal

American Journal of Psychology

Volume

112

Issue

2

First Page

235

Last Page

241

Abstract

This study investigated the influence of age, familiarity, and level of exposure on the metamemorial skill of prediction accuracy on a future test. Young (17 to 23 years old) and middle-aged adults (35 to 50 years old) were asked to predict their memory for text material. Participants made predictions on a familiar text and an unfamiliar text, at three different levels of exposure to each. The middle-aged adults were superior to the younger adults at predicting performance. This finding indicates that metamemory may increase from youth to middle age. Other findings include superior prediction accuracy for unfamiliar compared to familiar material, a result conflicting with previous findings, and an interaction between level of exposure and familiarity that appears to modify the main effects of those variables.

This document is currently not available here.

Share

COinS