Title

The role of self-esteem in affective reactions to achievement-related situations

Publication Date

1985

Journal

Educational and Psychological Research

Volume

5

Issue

3

First Page

191

Last Page

203

Abstract

Investigated whether affective reactions in achievement settings were related to self-esteem in 308 undergraduates. Ss completed a self-esteem questionnaire and an affect questionnaire in which achievement outcomes and causal sources were manipulated within a short-story format. Affective reactions to various academic situations portrayed in the stories then were assessed and related to Ss' self-esteem. Resulting biserial correlations between the dichotomized affective reactions and self-esteem indicate that affective reactions to success and failure were related to Ss' level of self-esteem. An extrapolation from the present results and related research is that causal internalization with resulting self-referent affects may be facilitated by providing academic feedback consistent with self-esteem.

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