Title

A Computationally Efficient Procedure for Modeling the First Step in the Alkaline Hydrolysis of Esters

Publication Date

1995

Journal

Int. J. Quantum Chem.

Volume

56

First Page

103

Last Page

112

Abstract

A computationally efficient procedure for modeling the alkaline hydrolysis of esters is proposed based on calculations performed on methyl acetate and methyl benzoate systems. Extensive geometry and energy comparisons were performed on the simple ester methyl acetate. The effectiveness of performing high level single point ab initio energy calculations on the geometries obtained from semiempirical and ab initio methods was determined. The AM1 and PM3 semiempirical methods are evaluated for their ability to model the transition states and intermediates for ester hydrolysis. The Cramer/Truhlar SM3 solvation method was used to determine activation energies. The most computationally efficient way to model the transition states of large esters is to use the PM3 method. The PM3 transition structure can then be used as a template for the design of haptens capable of inducing catalytic antibodies.

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