Title

New and resurrected Hawaiian species of pilo (Coprosma, Rubiaceae) from the island of Maui

Publication Date

Winter 2-11-2016

Journal

PhytoKeys

Volume

60

First Page

33

Last Page

48

Abstract

Two species of Coprosma (Rubiaceae) J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. are described from the island of Maui of the Hawaiian Archipelago. A newly described taxon, Coprosma cordicarpa J.Cantley, Sporck-Koehler, & M.Chau,sp. nov. is locally common in medium to high elevation dry forests and shrublands of leeward East Maui. The second taxon is resurrected from the synonymy of C. foliosa A.Gray as C. stephanocarpa Hillebr. and occurs in mesic to wet rainforests of both East and West Maui. Both taxa are segregated from C. foliosa, with which they share similar morphological characters. A conspicuous and persistent calyx of the fruit and various floral characters most easily differentiate both taxa from other Hawaiian taxa. The newly describedCoprosma cordicarpa is further distinguished from C. stephanocarpa by a central constriction of the fruit with a depressed apex, which gives it a characteristic heart shape. Furthermore, the taxa are largely separated phenologically, ecologically, and geographically. Descriptions, conservation status, and specimens examined for the new species are included.

DOI

10.3897/phytokeys.60.6465